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Decode the Code

Kas, Tsuks, and Handsprings

Vault has undergone many changes since the 2009 - 2012 Code of Points. Vault was considered an outlier in terms of D score relative to other events.

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By Kensley Behel  ND Editor-in-Chief

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September 22, 2023

Vault has undergone many changes since the 2009 - 2012 Code of Points. Vault was considered an outlier in terms of D score relative to other events. So, members of the FIG voted to decrease vault start values by one point for the 2013 - 2016 Code of Points. Many have since been further devalued.

In the 2012 Olympics, Sam Mikulak performed a Kas double vault (sometimes interchangeably called a Tsuk triple) which was valued at a 7.0D. That same vault under the 2013 - 2016 Code of Points was valued at a 6.0D. From 2017 onward, the same vault is now worth 5.6.

Today, most gymnasts perform a vault with a start value between 4.8 to 5.6, so follow along to learn about the most common vaults in Men's Elite Gymnastics.


Kas and Tsukahara Vaults


The most common entry for men's vaults is a round-off entry otherwise known as a Kas or Tsuk. While there are slight differences in how the vaults are performed, they are considered the same vault in the code of points with one exception. The equivalent Kas vault has one less twist in its name than a Tsuk vault.

  • Tsuk full = Kas

  • Tsuk double = Kas full

  • Tsuk 2.5 = Kas 1.5

  • Tsuk triple = Kas double.


The Kas Full/Tsuk Double (4.8D)



The Kas 1.5/Tsuk 2.5 (5.2)


The Kas double/Tsuk Triple (5.6)



Front Handspring Entry Vaults

Handspring Double Front (5.2)


Dragulescu (5.6)


Yeo II (5.6)


Yurchenko Vaults

Yurchenko double full (4.8)


Shewfelt (5.2)


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